Intro OrganicOptions
LeftCourse InfoOutlinesHandoutsGraphicsExamsPrevious TermVederasHomeRight

Chem 164/261 - Lecture Outline & Assignment #3

 

Readings
Problems
Outline
Download pdf

 

Readings:

TWG Solomons and CB Fryhle "Organic Chemistry" 10e Edition (2011)

  • Functional Group List on pp 73-74 (pp 68-69 -9th Edition; pp 70-71 - 8th Edition) and (Periodic Table) one page back from Inside Back Cover:
  • Chapter 7 Alkenes and Alkynes I: Properties and Synthesis
  • Chapter 8 Alkenes and Alkynes II: Addition Reactions
  • Chapter 11 Alcohols and Ethers: Sections 11.1 to 11.5, especially 11.4
  • Chapter 10 Radical Reactions: re-read especially Sections 10.9 and 10.10

Top


 

Problems:

Do Not turn in, answers available in "Study Guide and Solutions Manual for Organic Chemistry" by Solomons and Fryhle.

Chapter 7:
7.1 (E/Z only); 7.2; 7.3 to 7.9; 7.13; 7.15; 7.17 to 7.22; 7.25 to 7.30 (ignore R/S for now); 7.32; 7.37; 7.38

Chapter 8:
8.1; 8.2; 8.4; 8.5; 8.7 to 8.9; 8.11; 8.13; 8.16; 8.21 to 8.22; 8.24; 8.26; 8.29; 8.35; 8.48, 8.51

Chapter 10:
10.2

Chapter 11:
11.3

Top


 

Lecture Outline 3:
Alkenes and Alkynes Addition and Elimination Reactions

  1. Structure and Nomenclature

    1. Alkenes with one double bond
      1. Nomenclature
      2. Orbital Hybridization
      3. Stereoisomerism - cis, trans, and Z, E.
      4. Cycloalkenes

    2. Polyenes

    3. Alkynes
      1. Nomenclature
      2. Structure and Orbital Hybridization


  2. Physical Properties and Sources

    1. Physical Properties - solubility, density, BP, MP

    2. Occurrence of Alkenes and Alkynes

    3. Terpenes and Isoprene Units


  3. Reactions of Multiple Bonds between Carbons

    1. General Characteristics - Addition Reactions, electrophiles and nucleophiles
      1. Arrow Conventions for Mechanisms

    2. Addition Reactions of Alkenes - Stereospecificity
      1. Hydrogenation
      2. Halogenation
      3. Halohydrin Formation
      4. Hydrogen Halide Addition – Markovnikov’s Rule
      5. Water Addition - Alcohol synthesis
      6. Alcohol Addition - Ether synthesis
      7. Mercuration - Demercuration
      8. Hydroboration - Oxidation
      9. Hydroboration and Treatment with Acid

    3. Oxidation of Alkenes
      1. Ozonolysis
      2. Osmium Tetroxide and Potassium Permanganate
      3. Epoxidation

    4. Addition Reactions of Alkynes
      1. Hydrogenation
      2. Halogenation
      3. Hydrogen Halide Addition
      4. Hydration - aldehyde and ketone synthesis - tautomers
        1. Markovnikov Addition of Water
        2. Hydroboration - Oxidation

    5. Oxidation of Alkynes
      1. Ozonolysis
      2. Potassium Permanganate


  4. Synthesis of Alkenes and Alkynes - Eliminations

    1. Elimination Reactions
      1. El Mechanism - Saytzeff Rule, Leaving Groups
      2. E2 Mechanism - Stereochemistry

    2. Synthesis of Alkenes and Alkynes
      1. Dehydrohalogenation
      2. Dehalogenation of vic - dihalides
      3. Dehydration of alcohols

    3. Hydrogenation - Dehydrogenation

    4. Replacement of Acetylenic Hydrogen
      1. Acidity of Alkynes
      2. Alkylation - Substitution Reactions
      3. Coupling of Acetylenes


  5. Polymerization and Radical Reactions of Alkenes

    1. Radical Additions
      1. Hydrogen Halide Addition
      2. Addition of Alkyl Radicals

    2. Polymers and Polymerization
      1. Polyethylene and General Mechanism
      2. Other types of Polymers - Nomenclature and Properties

Top


 

ChemistryU of A Intro Course Intro Labs Students' Union Library Registrar Course Info Outlines Handouts Graphics Exams Previous Term Vederas Home